In 1971, Joe Acanfora helped found a new campus organization - the Homophiles of Penn State (HOPS) - dedicated to protecting the rights of homosexuals and increasing public understanding of homosexuality. When the University refused to allow HOPS to operate as a student organization, Acanfora and 3 others sued to compel such recognition. HOPS' lawsuit ultimately was successful and the issue captured the attention of the local media, the Penn State student body and administration officials over the course of the following year.


  • USG Approval Letter
    HOPS Approved
  • Welcome Gay Alumni
  • HOPS Suspension Letter
    HOPS Suspended
  • HOPS-PSU letters exchange
    HOPS Denied
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  • THE MEDIA TELLS THE STORY

    The social, political, and legal history of HOPS as told through the media

  • THE PUBLIC REACTS

    Personal letters, letters-to-the Editor, and newspaper Editorials in reaction to HOPS

THE MEDIA TELLS THE STORY

The social, political, and legal history of HOPS as told through the media

THE PUBLIC REACTS

Personal letters, letters-to-the Editor, and newspaper Editorials in reaction to HOPS